Hyderabad Sept 8th:A latest study at Maxcure Hospitals, Hyderabad reveals a consistent rise in kidney problems in young adults due to High Blood Pressure. High blood pressure, also calledHypertension, is the second leading cause of kidney failure. High blood pressure is ranked as the third most important risk factor for attributable burden of disease in south Asia (2010).
Dr. Girish Narayan, HOD Dept. of Nephrology, Maxcure Hospitals said, “According to recent survey done in 2014 the prevalence of high blood pressurefor the rural and urban South Indian population was 21.1% and 31.8% respectively. In addition, reported prevalence of young adult Hypertension (high blood pressure) associated with Kidney disease in the population till June 2015 is 17% (14.8% from rural and 21.4% from urban belt).”
Kidneys are supplied with dense blood vessels, and high volumes of blood flow through them. Over time, uncontrolled high blood pressure can cause arteries around the kidneys to narrow, weaken or harden. These damaged arteries are not able to deliver enough blood to the kidney tissue.
Dr. Bhanu Prasad, Sr. Consultant Nephrologist has expressed concern about cases of chronic kidney diseaseparticularly among the youth, growing in the city. Sedentary lifestyle and a shift in eating habits are making an increasing number of youths susceptible to serious kidney problems. And, with a surge in the number of people suffering from high blood pressure and diabetes, the figure is only expected to go up.
Dr. Girish Narayan, HOD Dept. of Nephrology, Maxcure Hospitals, Hyderabad says, “Instances of kidney-related diseases have seen a sharp rise in the past decade. More youngsters are getting prone to kidney diseases, due to change in lifestyle and prevalence of high blood pressure, diabetes and lipid disorder.”
Further backing this assertion,Dr. BhanuPrasad , Consultant Nephrologist says, “I can give three cases as examples here,whichsubstantiatethis claim. The first case is of a 22-year old male, Srinivasulu who had an episode of fits first time was admitted to hospital in July 2008. Upon evaluation, he was found to have Blood Pressure (BP) measuring 200/120. His S.Creatinine was >10.0mg/dl and USG abdomen had showed bilateral small size kidney. Hemo-dialysis was started and the patient is in dialysis since then. “
“Similarly another 27-year old male Obbaiah had headache and upon evaluation he was found to have BP 200/120 elevated S. Creatinine as well as Protein & Blood cells in urine. Further check-up revealed kidney failure and he became dialysis dependent after 6 Months. Yet again, 24-year old male G. Srikanth came to hospital with swelling of face and feet and upon evaluation was found to have High BP and Kidney Failure he was also initiated on Dialysis since October 2014.” He further adds.
““Kidneys not only filter body waste, but also help balance the volume of electrolytes. Loss of kidney function leads accumulation of fluids, salts and waste in blood, resulting in kidney failure,” said Dr Girish Narayan .
He blames lifestyle habits, obesity, consumption of oily food, excessive smoking, excessive consumption of Alcohol and consumption of protein-rich supplements without medical advice among others for the rise in kidney-related cases.As per Maxcure Hospitals, Hyderabad causes of high blood pressure associated with Kidney Disease include Renal Parenchymal – (Glomerular Disease) accounting for 13.8%; Hypertensive Nephrosclerosis 12.9%; Interstitial Kidney Disease 7%; ADPKD 2.8%; Renal Vascular Disease 1-2% and Chronic Pyelonephritis accounts for 1-2%.