Tuberculosis or TB is a disease caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium that are spread through air from person to person. It is a contagious infection that usually affects the lungs. Compared with other diseases tuberculosis is the second biggest killer, globally.
It can also cause infection to other parts of the body, like the spine and brain. If not treated , Tuberculosis disease can be fatal. People infected with TB bacteria but who are not sick may still need the treatment to prevent TB disease from developing in the future.
How is tuberculosis spread?
Tuberculosis is a contagious and non-inherited disease. They can be spread through many ways, mainly though respiratory tract.
TB lung infection only when the test TB sputum AFB (+). In the case of AFB (-) – without TB bacteria is not a source of infection so these people do not have to worry about infecting people around.
TS The recommended amount, if not properly diagnosed and treated promptly can cause many complications: coughing up blood, infection poisoning, exhaustion and possible risk of death.
Tuberculosis is closely related to people with HIV
TB susceptible subjects are people with immunodeficiency such as HIV / AIDS, malnutrition, diabetes mellitus, people who are more exposed to the source of infection. People are on chemotherapy, cancer treatment, corticosteroid, anti-rejection organ transplant.
In particular, the probability of infection and tuberculosis in HIV people is several times higher than that of normal people. To prevent tuberculosis of people living with HIV, treatment should be well controlled for HIV infection, well-being and good nutrition. In addition, people with HIV are protected against rimoflastine under the guidance and management of the National TB Program.
Kissing can be transmits Tuberculosis?
In fact there are no statistics and reported kissing, the rate of TB infection is how many%. However, tuberculosis transmitted directly through the respiratory tract and kissing is also a form of close contact through the respiratory tract. Therefore, there is also an indirect risk of tuberculosis if one of the TB patients has sputum.
Time of symptoms of TB after exposure to different sources of infection depending on each specific case (body resistance, diseases accompanying diabetes mellitus, etc.). Tuberculosis can occur after several months or even years after exposure.
Smoking Cigarettes, Pipe Tobacco while treatment for Tuberculosis, what effect?
The tuberculosis was also linked to tobacco use. Tubetex is also a risk factor for tuberculosis, so when TB is diagnosed and treated by a doctor, it is important to strictly abstain from tobacco, tobacco, beer, alcohol and stimulants. Because these substances will reduce the effect of anti-TB drugs. Thus, the results of treatment will be very difficult, you need to advise your relatives completely removed pipe tobacco during treatment as well as later hope of recovery.
when TB treatment, patients should quit smoking pipe, as if smoking will adversely affect the treatment of TB, and will cause the risk of many other diseases such as lung cancer, disease Obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD, pneumothorax or cardiovascular disease.
Can Lung Tuberculosis be transmitted to you?
However, the children were vaccinated with TB, still at risk of tuberculosis, but the vaccination will help children reduce the risk of severe TB such as TB, TB meningitis . In the case of negative test results of the first negative child, he or she should follow up with symptoms such as cough, fever lasting more than 10 days with loss of appetite, loss of weight, visit the specialist immediately.
Tuberculosis can be treated definitively
Yes! Tuberculosis is a treatable disease, if you follow the principle of treatment. After treatment, you should have a reasonable rest, eating and drinking habits. Treatment with medication is not necessary.