Any heart attack is not “mini”. A “mini” heart attack is just a label for a less severe heart attack. It is usually referred to as a mild heart attack as opposed to a life threatening one. A mild heart attack is a warning sign that something is definitely wrong and it should be checked out. A heart attack that someone dies from obviously cannot be called mini or mild.
Heart attack symptoms:
- Difficulty breathing
- Chest pain that radiates to the neck, head, shoulders, arms or stomach
- Extreme fatigue or weakness
- Breaking out in a cold sweat
- Nausea or light headedness
Some times these symptoms are somewhat milder in women and are too often taken lightly with a disastrous result.
A mild heart attack affects a relatively small portion of the heart muscle, or does not cause much permanent heart damage. This is because the blockage in a coronary artery occurs in a small artery that supplies a small portion of the heart muscle; does not completely block blood flow to the heart; or lasts briefly.
It is a common misconception that a mild heart attack is not serious. Even if the area of the heart affected is small, a heart attack can result in permanent heart damage and life-threatening problems that affect you for the rest of your life, including heart failure, an abnormal heart beat (arrhythmia), and a higher risk of a second heart attack.
A transient ischaemic attack (TIA), or ‘mini-stroke’, is caused by a temporary fall in the blood supply to part of the brain which results in a lack of oxygen to the brain. This can cause symptoms that are similar to a stroke, although they don’t last as long. TIA takes only a few minutes and is usually resolved within 24 hours.
The main signs and symptoms of a TIA can be remembered by the word FAST:
- Face: weakness or numbness in the face.
- Arms: weakness or numbness in the arms.
- Speech: slurred speech.
- Time: time to call Emergency immediately if any one of these signs is present.
If signs and symptoms last longer than 24 hours, it is regarded as a full stroke. It’s difficult to know how common TIAs are. Many people who have TIA symptoms don’t seek medical attention.
A TIA is a medical emergency. If you have the symptoms of a TIA (see Symptoms, above) you must seek urgent medical attention as soon as possible. TIAs are a warning sign that further TIAs, or a full stroke, may occur soon.
Without treatment, there is a one in five chance that you will have a full stroke within four weeks of having a TIA. A stroke is a serious condition, and can cause permanent disability. In some cases, strokes can be fatal.
As TIAs can have serious health implications, it is important that they are always investigated so that appropriate treatment can be given as soon as possible. With treatment, the risk of a further TIA, or a full stroke, is greatly reduced.